EPS-i work with the Escorts lagrange ga from the community to reduce the risk of complications during birth Cap, 1. Dirección aleatoria en Encuentre direcciones aleatorias enhaga clic en el enlace a continuación. Differing from the descriptive, correlational or experimental studies, more than determining a relation of cause and effect between two or more variables, the qualitative research is interested in understanding how dynamics occur or how the process of the issue happens The Zenu community declare that the equilibrium between physical well-being and the harmony of a healthy soul is achieved through a respectful interrelation between the occidental knowledge and the ancestral knowledge.

  • Preferencia sexual:
  • Me gustan los caballeros
  • Cómo es mi género:
  • Mujeres
  • Cómo es mi pelo:
  • Pelo corto, rizado y oscuro
  • Mi tipo de cuerpo:
  • Los rasgos de mi figura son delgados
  • Lo que me gusta beber:
  • Vodka
  • Me gusta escuchar:
  • País
  • Cuáles son mis aficiones:
  • Cocinar

Prácticas culturales de cuidado de gestantes indígenas del Resguardo Zenú Córdoba, Colombia

Fueron entrevistadas 10 gestantes indígenas, hasta alcanzar la saturación teórica. El cuidado de enfermería que se ofrece a estas mujeres debe hacerse con base al conocimiento de la enfermería transcultural propuesto por Leininger.

Palabras clave: Enfermería, etnoenfermería, cuidado cultural, medicina tradicional. Abstract: Objective: Describe t he culture care practices of pregnant indigenous women that live in the Zenu reserve located in the savannah of Cordoba, Colombia.

Materials and methods: Qualitative, ethnographic focus supported by the ideas of Colliere and Leininger.

Craig W. Carlson

The cultural knowledge Chicas desnudas de perth shore taxonomic analysis allowed to perform a composed analysis in which the following subjects were compared, classified and grouped: Being pregnant for the Zenu women; taking care of themselves during pregnancy: a guarantee for the unborn child; the coldness and its consequences, the midwife as a control and care character of the Zenu woman during pregnancy and birth.

Result: The Zenu woman begins prenatal care, as soon as she identifies her pregnancy, through some proper pregnancy characteristics that are accurate for them. Once the pregnancy is identified, a series of care practices begin, including eating well, avoiding heavy duties, caressing the belly with the midwife, bathing early to avoid coldness and avoiding sexual relationships to prevent malformations.

Conclusion: The Zenu woman has its own pregnancy care practices and ways of protecting the unborn child, besides trusting the care and attention brought by the midwifes.

Craig W. Carlson

The nursing care offered to these women must be done based on the transcultural knowledge proposed by Leininger.

Keywords: Nursing, transcultural nursing, culture care, traditional medicine.

O cuidado de enfermagem que se presta a estas mulheres deve ser feito baseado em conhecimentos da enfermagem transcultural postulada por Leininger.

Palavras-chave: Enfermagem, etnologia, cultura indígena, medicina tradicional. Introduction The Zenu population was discovered by Alonzo de Ojeda in At that moment, it was a declining urban center due to the first attack of the Spanish, according to Bello and Paternina 1, 2.

Sexo casual syracuse new york mi

The Zenu were organized in a cacicazgo lands ruled by a caciquea society stratified in three big groups: farmers, fishermen, and artisans, who exchanged products; they had not developed military and had urban centers which other small villages depended on 3.

The pregnant indigenous women, as members of the community, must abide the law and follow the regular conducts. According to their laws, the pregnant women and the general community have no autonomy to decide on their Escort oakville canada oakville oakville on studies, researches or any other inherent aspects to the community; most women are analphabets and its considered that it is not necessary nor convenient for women to attend school, a privilege that is reserved just for some men 4.

Ciudades populares en Tennessee

The Zenu community declare that the equilibrium between physical well-being and the harmony of a healthy soul is achieved through a respectful interrelation between the occidental knowledge and the ancestral knowledge.

Thus, traditional Masaje olean wolverhampton is a fundamental component that cannot be ignored 2, 5. Culture refers to the inclusion of knowledge, beliefs art, morality, laws, traditions and any other skill o r custom that humans acquire when they are members of society 6.

Masaje sensual kahuna rochdale

The doctor Madeleine Leininger defines culture as the knowledge acquired and transmitted about values, beliefs, behavioral rules and life style practices, that structurally orientate a determined group in their thoughts and activities.

This researcher determined that it was of vital importance for nursing personnel to consider the cultural dimension when providing care 7.

Imagen del modelo Fhm dollard des ormeaux

Regular care is based on all kinds of customs, traditions and beliefs. As the life of a group consolidates, a whole ritual arises, a culture that programs and determines what is considered good or bad to preserve life.

These cares represent the weave of life, as well as securing its permanence and duration. As a result of the application between anthropology and nursing the cultural dimension emerges in nursing care.

Its relevance consists on the information given by the individuals about their cultural values and the world view of a particular group.

Therefore, Leininger sustains that transcultural nursing are all actions and decisions of aid, Sexo telefónico huntington beach, facilitation or training that cognitively adjust to the cultural values, beliefs and lifestyle of the individuals, groups or institutions with the purpose of supplying or support welfare services or health care that are ificant, beneficial and satisfactory 6, 7 ; that also promote, the study about culture care to find new and different ways of serving people from diverse cultures.

The researcher is emphatic on inviting nurses to discover the diversity and universality of care around the world. In what refers to the care of the expecting mother, it is intended to improve the life quality of the mother and the unborn.

For that purpose, the participation of the expecting mother and her family is fundamental, and it should be considered that the care practices vary from one culture to another and also during different chronological times 6.

Some inconveniences have arisen in the communities regarding maternal and perinatal care consequence of the changes in culture care traditions to include new practices coming from outside or from other cultures colonization.

This situation has generated cultural conflict and has moved the traditional mode on how people Real gloryhole jacksonville their needs and maintained harmony with the environment, as a result of the many changes in care practices for pregnant women and the newborn baby, specially in the diet and the family structure 1.

The care practices of the pregnant women are the result of realization of domains, getting ready for the birth of their baby and having the appropriate eating practices.

When these are analyzed, it allows to see how they are implemented during pregnancy and how they contribute to the physical and emotional wellbeing of the mother and the unborn.

Also, it established that its determination have more weight than the recommendations given by professional, because, they consider the child more important than the mother-baby dyad. As a consequence, research recommends that for Adoración de coños dispuestos nursing training its necessary to strengthen communication abilities, this way directing educational practices towards comprehension of social and intercultural relations of pregnant women, this suggests a review of the curricular contents related to this aspect.

It is evident that the production of knowledge contributes to the culture care for maternity at different times, but its necessary to advance this knowledge in the different community groups and indigenous populations.

Escort girls houston tx backpage

Therefore, the following research question was contemplated: What are the culture care practices for indigenous pregnant women at the Zenu reserve, located in the savannah of Cordoba, Colombia? This in the need of understanding that culture has a solemn meaning in social groups and possesses an ancestral force; from this the importance of returning to care by means of communication processes between the health personnel and expecting indigenous mothers.

Objective Describe the culture care practices of indigenous pregnant women that live in the Zenu Reserve, located in the Savannah of Cordoba, Colombia. Materials y Methods An ethnographic, qualitative research was proposed, based on the ethno-nursing focus proposed by Madeleine Leininger in 8.

This research worked on the emic approach, from the group of pregnant indigenous women perspective on beliefs about care practices, which reflects experiences, beliefs and language from their culture.

The study attempted to establish what are the perspectives that are used to understand and see the different realities that form the order of human societies, as well as learning the logic of the paths that are built to produce -intentionally and methodicallyknowledge about them 9.

Similarly, the quality Savannah Bartlett Sexo the activities, relationships, issues, means, materials and instruments in a Chicas cachondas milwaukee wisconsin county ga situation or problem were addressed, with the purpose of Escort and babes murfreesboro a holistic description where the particular issue or activity is exhaustively analyzed, in this case the care practices of pregnant indigenous.

Lola gateshead sex

Differing from the descriptive, correlational or experimental studies, more than determining a relation of cause and effect between two or more variables, the qualitative research is interested in understanding how dynamics occur or how the process of the issue happens A total of 10 Club de swingers de south bendigo pregnant women participated, with chronologic age between 22 and 35 years, multiparous, with gestational age among the second trimester of pregnancy.

For the recollection of information, the procedures from the ethnographic interview proposed by Spradley were followed 11 and an immersion in the reserve was performed with the purpose of understanding the cultural scenario, lifestyle, social relations and their environment The interviews were recorded, with authorization from the participants, and then transcribed textually, guaranteeing that the analyzed data were a genuine copy of the expressions from the pregnant indigenous.

Once the cultural domains were identified, a taxonomic analysis was performed with the obtained data. At this stage the information content was studied, identifying all the symbols of a domain, finding subsets of symbols and existent relations between the subsets 13with the purpose of having a wider perspective and finding relations between the domains to obtain a picture of the culture care practices of the pregnant women from the Zenu reserve.

This study is qualified as low risk, according to the Resolution of of the Ministry of Health a nd Social Protection. The expecting mothers that accepted to participate were informed about the objectives of the research, approving their participation by ing an informed consent.

The study had the approval from the regional cacique in Cordoba- Sucre to perform the research in the Zenu reserve. The culture care practices identified in the Zenu expecting mothers show a great influence from their Seattle anuncios personales craigslist cultural traditions and customs, a phenomenon that highlights the importance of culture care and culture, as defined by Leininger in her theory For Zenu women, the protection they provide to the baby through care is of extreme importance and reliability, as well as the care provided by the midwifes of the community, which contrasts the etic care provided by the EPS-i Colombian Health Care Facilities for Indigenous.

The Zenu woman begins care as soon as she identifies her pregnancy, with the appearance of some proper char acteristics of pregnancy that are reliable to them.

Once pregnancy is identified, a series of care practices begin, standing out eating well to have enough blood and for the baby to be born healthy, avoiding heavy duties to prevent miscarriage and premature birth and, as consequence, the death of the baby; caressing the belly with the midwife to keep the baby well positioned and to avoid complications, showering early to avoid coldness along with its consequences and avoiding sexual relationships to prevent malformations.

Avoiding coldness and its consequences is an important act of protection for the Zenu woman, given that preventing coldness impede the majority of complications Savannah Bartlett Sexo can unfold during pregnancy and protec ting the baby from diseases and even death.

Visiting the midwife monthly or when felling discomfort is an act of reliability of the pregnant Zenu women toward these community women, who have inherited the knowledge of emic care from their ancestors, in a way that they can control the pregnancy and birth of the expecting Zenu mothers.

Blachly oregon local connection mature

A late period is an importantas well as nasal congestion, augmented breast sensibility, tiredness, nausea and vomit, which generally happen in the morning and are directly related to an increased level of progesterone and human chorionic gonadotropin Other symptoms are associated with a higher perception of odors, appetite or repulsion to some foods as consequence of sensory changes, dizziness and faints that emerge due to low blood pressure.

These are the most frequent s and usually appear during the first trimester, particularly on the first pregnancy.

Brooke shemale uk

For the Zenu women, the absence of their period menstruationgeneral malaise, vomit, dizziness, disgust, hypersalivation, not being able to hold food in the stomach, not being able to eat, headache, cramps and somnolence are the most common characteristics for pregnancy Escorts backpage tulare the community.

These actions coincide with the prevention methods established in the guide or early detection of pregnancy complications from the Ministry of Health and Social Protection, where risk factors of pregnancy such as occupation, physical effort and work schedule are prominent.

They prefer to give birth in their homes, with the midwife, maintaining good prenatal care practices to avoid going to a hospital and having a caesarean section.

Masaje jardín de rosas nowra

EPS-i work with the midwifes from Sex sex personals bellevue community to reduce the risk of complications during birth Within the consequences of cold from the mother are the pains in the uterus and genitals, more pain during birth and yellow discharge that cause malaise and stomach pains.

Among the consequences that coldness can bring for the mother are pain in the uterus and genitals, increased pain during labor and the appearance of yellow discharge that cause discomfort and stomach pain.

The appearance of coldness, according to the indigenous, is related to caesarean births, sick and hospitalized newborns, the loss of amniotic liquids, prolonged labor, premature births and a series of infections in the mother and the newborn.

Expecting mothers in Savannah Bartlett Sexo Zenu community attribute coldness to the main complications that occur during pregnancy, mainly those associated to the appearance of vaginal discharge; however, it was found within the professional systems that during pregnancy, increased vaginal discharge occurs as a consequence of higher levels of hormones in the placenta and that it is a whitish, odorless discharge, similar to premenstrual discharge.

If the discharge is of yellow or green color, thick, with a strong odor, also with symptoms like itchiness, burning or irritation in the genital area, it can be an infection caused by different bacteria, which needs a Mujeres japonesas solteras solihull and rapid treatment to prevent harmful consequences for the pregnancy and birth of the baby.

There are maternal and fetal causes that can impede the normal labor.

If any of these causes appears, its necessary to perform a selective or emergency caesarean section to save the life of the mother and the baby The cultural belief of the Zenu community about coldness as a cause of complications during pregnancy and birth is part of the Waukesha sex chat room or generic systems which have to be negotiated Savannah Bartlett Sexo culture care.

If there are enough arguments within the nursing care and professional systems that indicate the true causes of these complications and is evidenced that the expectant mothers of the Zenu community do not have enough care practices to prevent them -although the culture care practice of avoiding coldness is not harmful for them- other nursing care practices that are coherent to their culture and that also generate health and welfare have to be negotiated.

The Carlson Law Firm - Abogados de en Killeen, TX | raemp19.online

The beliefs about coldness is a knowledge that has to be reoriented and restructured since in some occasions it can be harmful for the health of the expecting mother, and not being able to detect and correct the true causes of pregnancy complications in time implies not being able to prevent maternal and fetal consequences.

These are elder women from the community which have received the legacy of their mothers and grandmothers to provide care for the expectant mothers, they count with great acceptance and credibility from the community, and for pregnant women, it is indispensable to consult them during pregnancy to be sure about the evolution of their pregnancy and the welfare of the Texoma backpage escorts. The expectant mothers visit the midwife about Burdel ipswich asiatico a month to know about their pregnancy, the welfare of the baby and to be sure of having a normal delivery vaginal delivery.

Then, she caresses the belly and accommodates the baby and i feel better.

Lista de acompañantes Reino Unido 65

She caresses the belly with oil and accommodates the baby so i can have a normal birth.

The culture care provided by the midwifes from the Zenu community is a fundamental part of their cultural origin, social structure and conception of the world. Therefore, care can not be separated from their culture, but it can be strengthened for a more beneficial care, in benefit of perinatal and maternal health in the community In the analyzed testimonies, the trust deposited to the midwifes of the Zenu community by the expectant mothers can be noticed: elder women from the same community that are not health professionals and do not count with professional instruction from an educational institution referring to the care of pregnant women, but do have ancestral knowledge, inherited from generations, from their mothers and grandmothers about what has traditionally been, pregnancy care for Zenu women 19, This knowledge is supported and accepted by the community and is indispensable for the welfare of the expecting mother and the unborn baby; its susceptible of being strengthened by nursing knowledge, with the purpose of achieving greater welfare for the expecting mother and preserving the cultural origins.

Discussion Care refers both to abstract phenomena and concrete situations. Leininger has defined care as those experiences or ideas of assisting, supporting and facilitating toward others with evident or anticipated health needs, to improve the human conditions or lifestyle Care, as one of the main constructs of the Leininger theory, includes both the traditional and the professional, which have been expected to influence and explain health and welfare of diverse cultures Su frecuencia, duración o intensidad también.

Por ejemplo, las relaciones sexuales frecuentes se asocian con menores riesgos de enfermedad coronaria fatal.

Esta actividad Personal del suroeste de florida provoca reacciones emocionales que incluyen placer, emoción y relajación, lo que puede mejorar la salud mental y la función cognitiva al aumentar los niveles de oxitocina.

Atendiendo a esta definición, la actividad sexual se puede considerar como una actividad física, al igual que se considera como tal salir a dar un paseo, ir Sugar mama upland usa pilates o montar en bicicleta.

Continuar leyendo la historia Entre todos los estudios revisados 18 en totalse observaron datos de un total de participantes hombres y 85 mujeres.

Específicamente, el primer estudio fue publicado en el añocuando su autor R. Bartlett investigó las respuestas fisiológicas durante el coito.